ALSA MODEL UNITED NATIONS 2015 CHAPTER PADJADJARAN (2)

After 3 days of a loong awaited and exhausting conferences, we finally come up with the resolutions of……………………… Nothing.. lol. Well it’s actually shows me that to achieve some solutions and resolutions in the real world are really that hard.

Basically there are 3 draft resolutions that been made in this conferences. Those 3 are actually have some similarity of the solutions for both party. But since there are some personal interests of some delegates, so no Draft Resolutions are being passes.

Now let’s take a look on 1 of the Draft Resolutions that being made by the Delegates of Australia, and I as delegates of UAE are sign this DR. Enjoy!

Draft Resolution

Committee: General Assembly – Special Political and Decolonization Committee

Topic: The Palestine-Israeli Conflict

Sponsors: Australia

Signatories: Ukraine, Palestine, India, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Belarus,  Sudan, Iran, Syria, Afghanistan,

The General Assembly,

Recalling the Security Council Resolution 242, passed on 22 November 1967, which dictated the “land for peace” relationship and the need work for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East in which every State in the area can live in security,

Recalling also the Security Council Resolution 338 that stresses the implementation of Security Council Resolution 242 in all of its parts and decides that negotiations should start immediately between the parties concerned in order to create a just and durable peace in the Middle East,

Noting with concern the UN General Assembly Resolution 181 in 1947 “Future Government of Palestine” as a basis for the two-state solution accepted by the Palestinian National Council in 1988, and having examined the status of Jerusalem, Gaza Strip, Galilee, Negev Desert within it,

Having considered the Security Council Resolution 1559, on the importance of disarmament of all militias and Security Council Resolution 446 on 22 March 1979, Territories occupied by Israel which stresses that the Israeli settlements in Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since 1967 have “no legal validation,”

Deeply Regretting the recent exchange of violent attacks done by Hamas, Israel Forces, and other militias that might threaten the ongoing cease fire or obstruct the negotiation between parties to produce long-lasting peace in Middle East,

Realizing that the ongoing negotiation has been met with unwillingness, especially from Arab sides, for the imbalance of member inside the negotiation table which is deemed to be unfair and will only result in the loss of Arabs,

Recognizing also that repatriation, resettlement, economic and social rehabilitation of the refugees and the payment of compensation cannot process before peace and security is ensured within the region,

Recognizing that several issues needs to be further negotiated in order to further progress the peace process in the Middle East,

  1. Recommends to all parties to hold restraints and refrain from any use of violence, both in conflictual areas or each other’s area, to not reply in the same, violent way for provocations coming from those that would not want to have peaceful middle east, and resort to good will behaviour and continue the ongoing cease fire and negotiation;
  2. Decides that the two-state solution should be the principle guidance of the talk upon sovereignty;
  3. Recommends the usage of SRS mechanism to be conducted in order to achieve peace that include:
    1. STOP settlement construction: as a prerequisite for peace talks to begin, there should be a condition that orders Israel to do complete cessation in all West Bank settlements. This cessation will last temporarily until the land swap agreement is reached and disengagement is completed;
    2. RECOMMENDS a new mechanism of peace negotiations should be established in the Middle East, with the name of 3-party talks that involves all key actors paramount to the current conflicts with the mechanism of:

Members and Forms

  1. This mechanism will include 3 Parties, Palestine, Israel, and United Nations;
  2. This mechanism works in flexible manner, with voluntary membership and without any push to produce any outcome in specific timeline with specific agenda in each of its meeting (further mechanism shall be elaborated below);
  • Each party shall treat other party in the most respectful manner as important and key stakeholder in a mutual goal of creating long-lasting and fair peace in Middle East;

Objective

  1. The key objective of this mechanism is to give a fair avenue for all party to have discussion in regard with all issues that hampers the negotiation for peaceful resolution and negotiation, both within states (i.e. Palestine and Lebanon), or between states (i.e. Palestine and Israel, Lebanon and Israel);
  2. Another important objective for this mechanism is to have a long lasting and continuous peace talk, which will provide chances for party to negotiate without limitation and pressure, and to have an avenue of exchange of ideas without unnecessary violence;

Mechanism

  1. Representative of each party, selected internally by each party from respected candidates with proven qualification particularly in the matter of conflict resolution and peace talk, shall meet in tri-monthly interval, in specifically chosen place with neutral condition that will be suitable and comfortable for having discussion upon the matter;
  • The meeting’s agenda shall be made in consensus prior to the meeting, in regard with the current condition of conflict and negotiation;
  • Selected representatives shall have the equal chance of participation in the discussion, with respect to the sovereignty of each party (as a state or as an organization), with specific restraints to not hurt any parties during discussion that is happening;
  1. Discussion shall be directed to its utmost potential with efficient and effective discussion;
  2. Each decision and agreement that agreed upon in this talk will have an immidieate effect, according to the agreement made by all parties;
  3. United Nations shall enact as mediator inside the discussion, with specific tasks such as:
    1. Reminding all representative upon the agenda that has been set, and respect for the agenda;
    2. Showing information, gathered from special envoy of United Nations or from missions by Secretary General of UN in regard with the condition from neutral sides;
    3. Inviting and encouraging a party to re-join the talk, shall there be any party that refuse to continue with the negotiation;
  • This mechanism shall not be ended without any substantial progress of peace talk with apparent potential of long-lasting effect, and after agreement of each country to stop this mechanism;
  • Shall there be any party that refuse to continue with the discussion, this mechanism shall be suspended, with the focus on encouraging the party to re-join the mechanism;
  1. SETTLE land swap conditions and mechanisms: setting up a peace talk agenda that agreed by both countries and should include timeline and procedure of land swap;
  1. Stresses that the means of violence used by Hamas and Israel forces are unjustifiable and are to be stopped before the talk proceed, replaced with non-violent approaches to help integrate Gaza’s people with the help of UN and in accordance to Palestinian government:

Empowerment

  1. As part of elected government of Palestine, Fatah shall be helped to empower their political party in order to function with non-violent approach and functioning role of government in Gaza;
  2. Training of young generation of politician to be able to live with respect to non-violence in way of life should be given in the most appropriate way and conditioned with the need and situation within the community in Gaza;
  1. Realizes that Israel and Palestine is a key actor towards the creation of peace and stability in the Middle East, and therefore it is important to further invites Israel to the talk to further in 3-party talk recommend several important policies to be implemented;
    1. Recognition of both Israel and Palestine as a state by each other to fulfill the two state solution;

Settlement Programme

  1. Israel should, in respect to goodwill for the creation of peace in middle east through negotiation with Palestine, freeze every ongoing process of expansion of settlement in East Jerusalem;
  2. Israel should, in respect with the border created through UN resolution and for the safety of their own people, return to the post 1967 agreement;
  3. With regard to several rejection of Israeli citizen to move from the settlement, Israel should offer choices of being relocated to safer and better place within the territory of Israel, or to live under the administration of Palestine;
  4. Shall there be any Israeli that chooses to stay inside the already-made settlement, the government of Palestine shall treat all with respect, equally treated both in front of law and human rights, and to encourage inclusion of them with daily life among their neighbours;

Land Swap Mechanism

  1. Land swaps definition: a territorial exchange of land with a purpose for Israel to extend its recognized border to include certain settlement blocs near the old boundary. In exchange, the Palestinian would extend its control to certain areas inside pre-1967 Israel; these areas would in turn become part of a new Palestinian state;
  2. Conditions for land swap:
    1. A land-swap ratio of 1:1;
    2. Israeli annexation of areas that are home to approximately 70%–80% of settlers: to avoid settlers dislocation;
  • Israeli annexation of a minimal amount of land acquired in 1967;
  1. No Palestinian dislocation: and the land is in reasonable quality;
  2. Measures that satisfy Israeli security concerns;
  3. A contiguous Palestinian state in the West Bank;

Status of Jerusalem

  1. Israel and Palestine should maintain respect to the ongoing peaceful division of Jerusalem between the two states, especially in respect to specific important religious sites for both states;
  2. Creation of special task force with the aim of normalization of the life inside Jerusalem, by helping both Israelis and Arabs to live together in peace and cooperation;
  3. Division of East Jerusalem to an equal 50-50 territory as agreed by both sides;

 

Blockade of Israel

  1. Israel should, in respect of humanity and relevant with the creation of sustainable peace in Middle East, loosen its tightly guarded border with Palestine in order to let more humanitarian aid to come into Palestine, especially to;
  2. In return, border shall be secured with the joint military mission of both Israel Defense Forces and Palestine National Army;
  3. With regard to loosening of border, it is recommended for society of Israel and Palestine to start on cooperation between each other, with the aim of not only better economic production and recovery, but for rebuilding trusts between society in grassroots level;
  4. The opening of the blockade should also involve more international NGOs that will help the recovery of Palestine from the previous conflicts and shortage of basic needs;

 

  1. Further reminds that the rehabilitation of humanitarian conditions is another important agenda and shall pursued be along with the process of the talks:

Arab Refugees

  1. The influx of Arab Refugees to this area should be regulated with joint committee between Israel and Palestine;
  2. Arab Refugees shall be tested of several qualifications to enter this region, with conditions such as:
    1. Proper preparation to live within the border of Palestine;
    2. Refugee shall not bring weaponry to this region, as a precaution of promoting peace and security within the region;
  3. Refugees that shall not receive enough cards to go in, should consult with the government of Palestine of the potential relocation in other place or cooperation with other countries in refugee condition;
  1. Recommends to UNSC to deploy Peacekeeping Forces on the border between Israel and Palestine if:
    1. The 3-party talks are failed to reach peace in 6 years;
    2. Attacks on border by both sides;
  2. Decides to remain seizured upon this matter.

And that’s all I can share with you guys. Hope these Articles are useful for you, either for Improving knowledge about Israel-Palestine conflict or Just give you a brief overview of Model United Nations.

Thankyou so much for reading this. Sincerely, AHF.

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